A Great Time to be Alive

What a great time to be alive!

Mankind stood on the foothills of Olympus ready to join the assembly of gods – rollicking, frolicking and generally misbehaving without regret.

The World Wide Web was gaining velocity. It was widely believed that breakthroughs in communications had “removed the speed limits” to economic growth. Information was now readily and easily available to everyone.

Any dope in Peoria could go on the Web and find out how to manufacture a bomb in his basement or make a cherry pie in his kitchen.

And the genius in Kuala Lumpur or Kabul was now liberated from the lowbred, backward and benighted people around him; he could see what fun it would be to have a Beverly Hills ZIP code.

And he could reach across the World Wide Web and get a chisel and a steel file to create a killer website … and free himself from his miserable circumstances.


Mount Olympus – where the ancient Greeks suspected the gods to reside, with Zeus as chairman of the Pantheon. The top of the mountain often disappears in the clouds, so it was a good spot to place the gods in. Latter-day mountaineers spoiled the fun by reporting they couldn’t find anything up there.

Photo via toutiao.com / Author unknown


The End of History

So many people … in so many places … all yearning for home-delivered pizza and fortunes from day trading stocks – this was supposed to lead to rates of progress never before seen by human eyes.

The evidence could be witnessed in the stock market. Shares of start-ups promising breakthroughs in all areas – from transportation to medicine to home entertainment – were selling at earnings multiples utterly disconnected from the norms that had ruled investing hitherto fore.

What price was too high for a technology that revealed the secrets of the cosmos and unleashed its hidden power?

Progress in statecraft and politics, too, seemed unstoppable. China took the capitalist road in 1979. Russia followed a decade later. Turkey, India, Brazil – all the big “Third World” countries – became “emerging markets”… aping the US capitalist-democratic model.

This model – of democracy and state-aided capitalism – looked like a winner. In 1989, American political scientist Francis Fukuyama wrote his famous “The End of History” essay, arguing that political and economic perfection may have been achieved:


“What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of post-war history, but the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind’s ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government.”


And in 2005, New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman published The World Is Flat. It hallucinated that all the world’s economies competed on the same level ground… according to the same rules and same principles (shown to them by the US, of course).

Amid this giddy euphoria came the crash of the Nasdaq … and bursting of the dot-com bubble.


Nasdaq bubble and crashFirst it was held that the end of history had arrived, and then the Nasdaq bubble crashed. History was restarted shortly thereafter – click to enlarge.


Central Bankers to the Rescue

“Well, maybe we got carried away by those dot-coms,” was the general response. “But now we have real heroes in the public sector who can save us.”

In February 1999, the “Committee to Save the World” – Alan Greenspan, Robert Rubin and Larry Summers – appeared on the cover of Time. The trio was purportedly saving the world from the Asian financial crisis.

Six years later, President Bush awarded Alan Greenspan America’s highest civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, for his work in goosing up the economy following the recession of 2001.

And in 2009, Time named Greenspan’s successor, Ben Shalom Bernanke, its “Person of the Year” for taking “extreme measures” to “stop the panic” of 2008.

In the 20th century, a relative handful of inventors, tinkers and scientists – working in relative isolation, often with little funding – had given the world the automobile, radio, atomic power, painless dentistry, the Pill, moving pictures, antibiotics, airplanes, air-conditioning and the Internet.

Now, in the 21st century, millions of scientists, entrepreneurs and engineers – all connected by the Internet – are on the job. They should be able to set the world on fire. Instead, at least so far, it has been a cold shower.


committee of charlatans
One would think they would never live this one down – the gaggle of charlatans that was thought to have “saved the world” in 1998, by getting one of the biggest asset price bubbles in history into high gear and reinforcing the principle of the “Greenspan put”. The Fed announced a surprise rate cut in late 1998 on a Friday afternoon that was an options expiration day (just one of those funny coincidences), forcing traders that were short calls to cover their positions in a frenzy. It was the starting shot to the mania phase of the late 1990s bubble, an event that in retrospect has done so much damage that the cover deserves to be renamed “the committee that destroyed the world”.


This Century Has Been a Flop

Today, we will focus on the proof: This century, for America at least, has been a flop. Tomorrow and next week we will explain why. We are 15 years into the 21st century. Can you think of a single innovation that is equal to the automobile or the airplane? Or air-conditioning?

We can’t. All we can think of is Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Snapchat and other frivolities that are more trouble than they are worth. But the most damning evidence of a failed century comes from the realm we study every day: the economy.

And here, we are much obliged to President Reagan’s former budget adviser and author of The Great Deformation David Stockman for rehearsing the many failures of 21st-century economic policy. (You can follow David at his website: David Stockman’s Contra Corner.)

What, he asks, have “$700 billion in TARP, $800 billion worth of fiscal stimulus, upward of $4 trillion of QE money printing and 165 months out of 1,890 months in which interest rates were cut or were held at rock bottom levels” wrought?

“The number of breadwinner jobs is still 2 million below where it was when Bill Clinton” was in the White House, says David. Jobs in manufacturing, construction and mining/energy are down 21% so far this century.

You’d think that all these scientists and engineers would mean a big increase in productivity and wages. Nope. Since 2007, nonfinancial business productivity growth has fallen to just half the rate experienced between 1953 and 2000.

This is a big part of the reason that real median US household income has fallen from $57,000 in 2000 to $54,000 today. If incomes continue to fall at that rate, the typical American family will have only $25,000 of income by the end of the century.


household-income-monthly-median-since-2000Nominal and real median household income in the US. Real income has fallen prey to the repeated boom-bust cycle sequences induced by loose monetary policy. It will likely tank to new lows after the current bubble implodes – click to enlarge.


The Part-Time Economy

In the 20th century, more and more people joined the workforce and earned money. According to Stockman’s site, 56% of Americans aged 16-54 had work in 2000. Since then, Americans have been falling out of the labor force. Today, just 45% of the working-age population is employed.

Part-time work is increasing, however. The part-time economy is where people work an average of 26 hours a week and earn an average of less than $10 an hour (not even $15,000 a year).

The only sectors that have seen net new job creation are in the “HES complex” (health, education and social services) – the parts of the non-military economy most heavily controlled and financed by government. In all other sectors, more jobs have been lost than gained.

GDP growth, jobs, productivity and incomes – all the things that matter to regular people – have slowed, or fallen, in the 21st century. So far, the century is a dud. A disappointment. And a barely contained disaster. Why? Stay tuned.


gallup - payroll to employmentGallup’s payroll to population employment ratio stood at only 43.9% as of February 2015. This means that only 43.9% of the adult population has a full time job, a percentage normally associated with recessions, not economic recoveries.


Charts by: StockCharts, Gallup, Advisorperspectives


The above article appeared at the Diary of a Rogue Economist originally written for Bonner & Partners. Bill Bonner founded Agora, Inc in 1978. It has since grown into one of the largest independent newsletter publishing companies in the world. He has also written three New York Times bestselling books, Financial Reckoning Day, Empire of Debt and Mobs, Messiahs and Markets.



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